Currently, the Department of Comparative and European Law teaches the following educational disciplines:
Educational qualification level - bachelor
The theory of state and law
The study of the discipline has important scientific, worldview, political and practical significance. It is the basis for mastering other legal disciplines, it deepens general students` knowledge in jurisdiction, promotes fast thinking, provides basic education, the training of highly qualified international lawyers, and the opportunity to understand the essence of social and political processes. The educational task of the discipline is to master the principles of formation, design, functioning of the law and the state, due to legal concepts and categories, principles, theoretical constructions, which reveal the objective qualities of state-and-legal phenomena, international and national processes in Ukraine and their comparative aspects in other countries.
The history of the state and law in Ukraine and other countries
This course is a compulsory normative discipline, which belongs to the cycle of fundamental and professionally-oriented sciences and involves the study of general patterns and characteristics of the origin, functioning, change of various types and forms of state, and law of the Ukrainian people at all stages of its historical development as well as forms of state, and law of many other nations from the ancient times to the present day. The course provides basic theoretical knowledge of specific causes and processes of origin and development of the state and law in Ukraine and other countries, types and forms of state-and-legal systems, government authorities and the most important institutions of law in Ukraine and other states with regard to specific time and spatial limits.
The course covers the theoretical and practical aspects of the development of the Roman state, the formation of the basic principles of Roman law and the problem of reception of Roman law in the legal systems of the states, which belong to specific legal continental system. Particular attention is paid to the historical stages of development of the Roman state and law. The course introduces students to the doctrine and practice of the state formation and lawmaking, helps to understand the deep connections of the modern law with the historical forms of law in ancient Rome, gives basic knowledge of Latin legal terminology.
The history of political and legal doctrines
Forms of theoretical knowledge and understanding of the state and law, which in logical and conceptual forms reflect the historical process of the cognition of state-and-legal phenomena, are the main objects in the study of the discipline. Each of them has a relatively stable structure, namely - program and evaluation principles. The course develops basic theoretical and practical knowledge about scientifically justified and conceptually designed thinkers’ ideas and views of on the state and law, which have formed and developed throughout the history of the human civilization.
Comparative constitutional law
The course deepens and expands knowledge about the formation and functioning of the state, the place for the individual in it and his interaction with the state in countries of different legal systems. The educational course is devoted to the study of the legal status of a person, higher state authorities and their competence, as well as the constitutional enshrinement of fundamental human and civil rights and freedoms, ways of acquiring and terminating citizenship, the forms of states, the order of formation, interaction and higher state authorities` competence in Ukraine and world countries.
Modern legal systems
The course deepens and expands knowledge in the field of law and legal systems of particular countries. The main attention is paid to the characteristics of the main legal systems, the search for the place of the Ukrainian legal system on the legal map of the world and the determination of its development strategy.
Legal aspects of Council of Europe activities
The course consists of studying the theoretical and practical aspects of the Council of Europe activities. Special attention is paid to analyses of the Council of Europe institutional framework and its fundamental documents, human rights protection mechanisms. The 1950 Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms is under thorough consideration as well as functional basis of its monitoring capacity.
EU Migration Law
The discipline is directed towards deepening theoretical and practical knowledge of the EU law. The course is dedicated to cover all aspects of EU migration processes organization. Special attention is paid to consideration and analysis of the Schengen aquis, visa and asylum policy in the EU.
European Proceedings on Human Rights Protection
The discipline aims to deepen theoretical and practical knowledge of the practice of the European Court of Human Rights. The course provides coverage of the basic principles of the European Court of Human Rights functioning, its practice and legal positions, analysis of decisions made against Ukraine.
International Criminal Law
The course provides basic theoretical knowledge of the provisions and concepts used in international criminal law; provides students with a system of knowledge of international criminal law; draws students' attention to complex theoretical and practical problems of counteraction to international crimes and crimes of international character; on the basis of specific subject material helps to develop analytical thinking skills of students; develops practical skills and skills of correct interpretation and application of international criminal law. The significance of this course also lies in students' in-depth study of problematic issues of international criminal law, mastering the mechanism of interaction between international and national criminal law, analysis of the main regulatory legal acts, including international treaties, academic and monographic literature, solving analytical problems and practical cases in accordance with the course program, development of students' legal consciousness and formation of legal culture.
Education program “European Competition Law”
Workshop on Concentration Control
The purpose of the discipline is to determine the role of structural changes in the market, which manifests itself in the form of associations of enterprises or their reorganization, the study of the differences between acquisitions and mergers. Students study the procedural aspects of control by the EU Commission on Concentrations. The procedures of granting permission to concentration, in accordance with the Ukrainian legislation, are determined using the comparative legal method. The courses offer students specific situations in which case studies are actively used and the mechanisms for dealing with them.
EU Competition Law (main basics & procedures)
The discipline aims to determine the practical aspects of the study of procedures for the application of competitive rules by the relevant departments of European countries, the European Commission. The discipline is studied by students in English in order to develop practical skills in applying specific legal terminology. Practical aspects of starting investigations by the European Commission and the scope of its powers are studied. In this regard, the practical aspects of the application of the EU Regulation 1/2003 and the practical implications of the implementation of the EU Directive 2019/1 are studied using the case studies method.
Government Assistance for Business Entities Law
The discipline is devoted to studying theoretical and practical aspects of state interference in market processes. A comparative analysis of the WTO mechanisms and legal regulation of state aid in the EU is carried out. Students learn the state and trends of development of the institution of the state aid in the EU law, principles and peculiarities of the law enforcement practice of the EU institutions to determine incompatibility of the state aid with the EU internal market. Special attention is devoted to the coverage of the introduction of mechanisms of control and monitoring over the state assistance to business entities in accordance with the Ukrainian legislation and the powers of the Antimonopoly Committee of Ukraine in this sphere.
Workshop on legal procedures in EU and Ukrainian competition law (case studies)
The purpose of the discipline is to teach practical skills of applying knowledge about the foundations of competition law between the EU and Ukraine. The discipline consists of a system of practical tasks, which cover the issues of concerted actions, conclusion of transactions, abuse of dominance, concentration control, monitoring state aid. Both decisions made by the European Commission and decisions of the EU courts (and decisions of the AMCU and court practice of appealing against such decisions) are analyzed and studied, as well as hypothetical case studies for practical application are provided.
English-language Master’s programs of the Institute
Education program "European Business Law"
EU Economic Law
The discipline provides students with an introduction to the legal principles of the implementation of integration of the EU member states in the economic sphere, which occupies a major place among the directions of development of the Union. The course improves the theoretical and practical knowledge of students about the main theoretical problems of legal regulation of European integration, methods of research of the European Union law, common principles and sources of the European Union law on economic issues and functioning of the single internal market of the EU, the specifics of implementation of the EU law in the internal legal order of the member states.
Comparative and International Tax Law
The course explores EU taxation legislation from an international and comparative perspective. This course defines the broad features of value added tax (VAT) and exercise duties and compares their implementation at the level of the EU member states. Some aspects of tax regimes of other countries are also considered. Common and distinctive features between different tax regimes are discussed and analyzed. In addition, special attention is paid to the analysis of some important EU Court of Justice tax cases and a brief overview of some double tax treaties.
Settlement of International Disputes
The course provides a comprehensive, critical analysis of international legal mechanisms for dispute resolution. In particular, it provides an overview of the main principles of the UN system for the peaceful settlement of disputes, including legal protection in the UN International Court of Justice, the means of dispute settlement defined in the Convention on the Law of the Sea, the structure, jurisdiction and individual procedures of the Court of Justice of the EU, as well as the functions, objectives and main features of the WTO dispute settlement system.
EU Labour & Social Law
The course deepens theoretical and practical knowledge of the foundations of social and employment policy of the European Union. Special attention is paid to the review and analysis of the main documents of social, employment and labor law of the EU, as well as the practice of the Court of Justice of the EU.
EU Competition Law
The discipline is dedicated to the study of basic knowledge on the EU competition law, as well as the competition law of Ukraine in comparative aspect. Antimonopoly regulation ensures fair competition, which can be undermined by anticompetitive actions both by private enterprises in the form of restrictive agreements and agreed practices, or in the form of distortion of competition through abuse of dominance, and by national authorities in the form of state aid. The extraterritoriality of the EU competition law causes the proliferation of the EU competition law to third countries, and one can observe the processes of "Europeanization" of competition law in the world through using the EU law. In connection with increasing globalization, liberalization of trade and opening of national markets, ensuring fair competition in the market economy becomes a priority not only for domestic but also for international legal regulation.
Business Transactions and International Sale of Goods
The purpose of this course is to study the legal framework for international sale of goods, considering the basic economic principles and a wide range of issues. The course focuses on the system of norms lex mercatoria, the legal regime of the UN Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) and its jurisprudence. The course offers an economic perspective on these legal norms. It also offers a comparative perspective, often referring to civil and common law approaches to such issues.
International Corporate & Investment Law
The course presents an analysis of both the legislation of the European Union and the legislation of Ukraine on business activity.
European Company Law
This course looks in depth at two main issues: 1) what is the law on and 2) which regulations are applied in a company under the EU law. It introduces students to the individual legal personality and shows how it affects business activities, introduces the major corporate entities, identifies major conflicts and mitigates corporate law. They also personalize the laws of the European Union companies, see how companies use European law in their favor, and study the mechanism of mergers and acquisitions within the EU.
EU Banking & Financial Instruments
This course introduces the world of finance and its regulation. Students will be able to study the basics of financial law and instruments, how to finance a deal or raise public funds and how the government should regulate financial markets. While the course is designed for lawyers, it provides an introduction to basic economic concepts and identifies the major conflicts that may arise between market participants and the government regulator.
Legal Writing & Practice on European Databases
The course offers templates of modern methods of legal documents translation. It offers interpretation of the legal position, analysis of all relevant legislation and gives a comment on a relevant court practice. In addition, students will gain practical knowledge from European databases and their opportunities for practical work.
For example, Eur-Lex users can access documents in official EU languages. Language coverage depends on a country's date of accession to the EU. All EU legislation in force on the date of accession of the new member state, available in the language of the country, is adhered to, as well as all documents adopted after that date. Documents cancelled or expired before the date of accession, which are not available in the language of the country, shall be attached.
Methodology of European Law Research
This course aims to provide a modern understanding of the methods of legal research in the modern world, an overview of the "sources of law" in various industries, a comparison of approaches of common law and civil law.
The course deals not only with the historical development of legal doctrine as a hermeneutical and empirical discipline, but also as a logical and regulatory discipline, as well as empirical data used in legal doctrine, formulation and testing research hypotheses, the theory of building legal doctrine. The training process includes the main objectives of comparative legal research, the basic work plan of the comparative law method and the civil law method.
Public Procurement & State Aid Regulation in the EU
This course aims to provide a modern understanding of the EU public sector procurement regime and various other special procurement regimes under the EU legislation. The course examines the impact of these regimes and their main policies in a broader context. This course is designed to increase knowledge and understanding of the EU procurement legislation and regulation of public aid and is suitable for students in private practice or the public sector, in-house counsel, and officials involved in practice or policy in procurement.
Legal Case Studies on Current Issues of EU Law
The discipline provides students with deeper knowledge of European law and advanced training in the practical solution of cases. It focuses on those elements and structures of the European Union law that are fundamental to the understanding of the Union and the work of a lawyer. In particular, it deals with the basic concepts, implementation and enforcement of the European Union law, the competence and institutions of the Union, protection of fundamental human rights in the Union law and fundamental economic freedoms of citizens of the Union. Case studies focus on the application of the EU law in Member States, the extraterritorial application of the EU law and the sanctions provisions of the EU law.
Legal Regulation of the EU Common Commercial Policy
The course introduces students to the doctrine as well as to the European Common Trade Policy acts and decisions and helps to understand the deep links between modern legal instruments and the historical development of the EU Common Trade Policy. The Common Trade Policy is seen as one of the EU common policies aimed at regulating its international trade (goods, services and commercial aspects of intellectual property) through the conclusion of agreements and the application of a common customs tariff and other trade protection measures.
Education program "International Trade Regulation"
EU Economic Law
The discipline provides students with an introduction to the legal principles of the implementation of integration of the EU member states in the economic sphere, which occupies a major place among the directions of development of the Union. Within the framework of the course the students' theoretical and practical knowledge about the main theoretical problems of the legal regulation of the European integration, methods of research of the European Union law, general principles and sources of the European Union law on economic issues and functioning of the single internal market of the EU, specifics of implementation of the EU law norms into the internal legal order of the member states are aggravated.
Competition Law & International Trade
The course reinforces and expands theoretical and practical knowledge on the legal regulation of competition as part of the mechanism of international trade. The main focus is on studying the mechanisms of competition regulation in the EU internal market by supranational means.